European Union

European Parliament: 2014 - 2019 Outgoing Parliament

Distribution of political groups in the European Parliament
Political groups in the European Parliament Number of seats % of seats
EPP - Group of the European People's Party (Christian Democrats) 216 28.84%
S&D - Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament 185 24.70%
ECR - European Conservatives and Reformists Group 77 10.28%
ALDE - Group of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe 69 9.21%
GUE/NGL - Confederal Group of the European United Left - Nordic Green Left 52 6.94%
Greens/EFA - Group of the Greens/European Free Alliance 52 6.94%
EFDD - Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy Group 42 5.61%
ENF - Europe of Nations and Freedom Group 36 4.81%
NI - Non-attached Members 20 2.67%

Since 2009, according to Parliament’s rules of procedure, a political group shall consist of at least 25 Members elected in at least seven Member States.

MEPs' gender balance by year Constitutive session

Gender balance of MEPs by year
European Union
Year Women Men
1979 16% 84%
1984 18% 82%
1989 19% 81%
1994 26% 74%
1999 30% 70%
2004 31% 69%
2009 35% 65%
2014 37% 63%

Turnout by year Final results

Turnout in the European Union by year, in percentage points
Year European Union
2004 45.47%
2009 42.97%
2014 42.61%